Why Typography Matters
Type That Persuades
Places To Purchase Fonts
The Type Directors Club – promoting excellence in typography
Fonts & Logos by Donald Young
In Progress by Jessica Hische
Stop Stealing Sheep & Find Out How Type Works by Erik Spiekermann
A Type Detective Story by Matthew Woodman
This posts answers the frequently-asked-question, “What is the process for branding an Architecture / Engineering / Construction firm?” There are five main phases: Discovery, Strategy, Identity Design, Touchpoint Design, and Brand Management.
1. Discovery: Auditing & Research
Much like a M.D., a branding consultant shouldn’t prescribe a course of treatment without diagnosing the problem first. The Discovery Phase allows us to diagnose by looking backward before building a forward-looking brand.
First, we examine the fundamental building blocks of your strategic plan: Mission, Vision and Values. Your Mission is your purpose, why your firm exists. Your Vision is where the firm is headed, what you want to be in five years. Values define how you will reach your vision, the guiding principles that keep you focused. If Mission, Vision and Values are not solid, we don’t move forward.
The Brand Touchpoint Audit allows us to review the top 75 points of contact that a potential client or employee would encounter with your brand. We rate each touchpoint, and have you do the same.
The benefit of working with an outside consultant is perspective. It’s very difficult to “read the label if you are inside the jar.” One of the ways we bring perspective is conducting perception research. This typically involves interviewing principals, project managers, new hires, teaming partners, and clients. We want to find out how the brand is currently being perceived. In short, what is your reputation?
Competitive Research examines how you compare to your competitors. With a bias towards strengths, we are not blind to weaknesses in searching for competitive advantage. We analyze which markets and services are opportunities for you to lead.
We also enjoy discovering how, when, and why the firm was founded. Hopefully this historical research will uncover a great origin story. Or, there may have been some key turning points in the firm’s history to inspire the brand moving forward.
The deliverable in phase one is a Findings & Recommendations Report. It is the summary of the perviously mentioned items with prioritized recommendations on what to do next.
2. Strategy: Differentiation & Planning
The foundation of a great brand is positioning. Positioning is the mindspace you occupy in your target audience’s head. What do potential clients and employees think when they hear your firm’s name?
Positioning is simply where your firm fits in the marketplace. There must be a compelling reason for targeted clients to choose your firm over your competition. A positioning statement should be easy for employees to say (simple, real language, not clichéd flowery b.s.) Positioning statements answer what you do, who for, competitive advantage, and benefit to customer. Here’s ours, as an example: LecoursDesign is a branding firm helping A/E/C firms attract great clients and employees.
Positioning is the hub of your branding strategy. All marketing communication should radiate out from this hub.
“Effective brand strategy provides a central, unifying idea around which all behaviors, actions, and communications are aligned…the best brand strategies are so differentiated and powerful that they deflect the competition.” ““Alina Wheeler from Designing Brand Identity
The deliverables in phase two are: Messaging and Planning. Messaging could include a positioning statement, “About The Firm” wording, a tagline, naming of services and markets, values communication, or a branded process. Planning outlines specific branding initiatives with timelines and budgets.
3. Identity Design: Naming & Logo Design
Clients love this phase because they get to witness the birth of tangible brand assets. Who doesn’t love a cuddly new firm name, swaddled up in a new logo, with fresh colors, fonts, and trade dress?
Branding doesn’t always require our assistance in firm name development. Which is a shame because very little thought, or strategy goes into the typical A/E/C firm name. Out of ego, or because it’s the norm, firms are often named after founding principals. Or, the sad consolation prize is an acronym firm name. Acronyms are terrible firm names because they lack personality, soul, and memorability. But wait, what about URS, NBBJ, SOM, HDR, HOK, you ask? Well, none of these firm names began as acronyms. Only after the fatigue of having to say, or write “Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum” ad naseum, did the firm nickname, “HOK,” become their actual brand name.
Naming is a fun process that begins with clarifying firm values, positioning, and personality. We prefer to define 5″“7 values or personality attributes to be communicated through the brand name. Then we generate at least 50 possible names for each attribute. Some are silly and would never work, but they can often inspire better ideas. The best way to come up with a great name, is to generate a lot of names. Often a name may show up on multiple lists. Or, we play the mash-up game combining words, prefixes, suffixes to generate new names. We narrow down to a dozen or so finalists and do an informal trademark search to check the legal, social media, and domain name availability. From there, we typically present 5″“7 finalists to the client. We then work with the client to narrow it down to 2-3 candidates for their intellectual property attorney to conduct a formal trademark search.
Logo development also begins with values, positioning and personality. Ideally, the symbol/logo/brandmark/trademark/brand signature (whatever you want to call it) should visually communicate the essence of the brand. What it shouldn’t communicate is what you do. In other words, it shouldn’t communicate that you practice architecture because there is nothing unique about this. The more you identify with your business category (architecture in this example), the more you become a commodity. So no T-squares, pencils, CAD or BIM references in your logo, ok?
During the logo exploration phase, we’ll develop pages and pages of loose sketches. Then we refine the top contenders in Adobe Illustrator. We like to present seven logo explorations in black and white to our clients. More than seven is overwhelming and causes choice fatigue. Fewer than seven suggests a lack of rigor. We present in black and white because it is a great equalizer. The moment color is introduced, biases towards, or against, certain colors cloud the evaluation process.
We refine the top two logo finalists on a business card and on-screen to simulate web use. Often, we simulate the logo being applied to vehicle or building signage as well. At this point, we add color. If the firm decides to register their trademark, their intellectual property attorney can do a search using the two finalists. Once the final logo and color is chosen, we will develop a color palette of primary use colors and secondary use colors for future marketing communications. We develop a recommended typography palette to encourage consistent font usage across the firm. If words are the content, then fonts are the voice. We want all marketing to be communicated in a consistent voice.
4. Touchpoint Design: Brand Application
After establishing the core brand identity, it’s now time to apply the new look across all brand touchpoints. Touchpoints are all the ways a prospective employee, client, or teaming partner may encounter your brand. You never know which touchpoint: business card, blog post, job site sign, etc. will be the gateway of introduction to your brand. Since first impressions matter, make all touchpoints the best your budget allows. The brand plan you created in phase one determines your prioritized list of touchpoints needing attention.
We typically begin with the business card. Especially in this digital era of LinkedIn and smart phones, a quality business card is a tactile symbol to represent the quality of your architecture, engineering or construction. For us, the exercise of designing a 3.5-inch x 2-inch business card forces us to be very deliberate about design decisions. The business card design informs the entire stationery system: letterhead (print & .doc), envelope, labels, note cards, and internal forms.
The first project we recommend is the firm website. A great website attracts, demonstrates, connects, and converts visitors into clients or employees. Your website should serve as the hub of all digital marketing communication, and much of your print communication. The site needs to be optimized for all screen sizes, so we recommend responsive design to create a great user experience on phones, tablets and desktop computers.
Frequently we get asked to design the firm’s forms, reports, and construction document title blocks. Since these are typically the only deliverables of an A/E firm, they need to look and feel worthy of your fees.
Print marketing collateral: SOQ packages, a proposal template, brochures, project/market/service sheets get designed next. From there, we may design the firm’s building signage, job site signs, and vehicle graphics.
5. Brand Management: Protecting Your Investment
The introduction of a new brand requires a significant investment of time and dollars ($50k”“$250k). You want to protect this investment with effective brand management. This begins with the introduction and rollout of your new brand.
We always recommend that clients protect their intellectual property by registering their trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark office or uspto.gov. An intellectual property attorney will be glad to help you with this or you can try to handle it yourself.
Of all the phases and steps mentioned above, the process is nearly identical for an entirely new brand as for a re-brand. But introduction and rollout of a re-brand is unique. People like best what they know most. So, change can be difficult for those attached to the old brand. Before the re-brand is launched publicly, you need to do some internal education for employees, clients, and teaming partners. Even better if they were aware of the re-brand from the beginning so it isn’t a shocking change when it launches. Explaining why the change was needed, the process of development, and why the new is better than the old, will go a long way in building internal support for the rollout.
In a perfect world, all your new brand touchpoints would roll out simultaneously. But we recognize that printing schedules, budgets, and not wanting to throw away existing materials sometimes prevent this. You have more control over timing with digital items. So, we recommend that the website, email blasts, email signatures, and social media channels all be updated prior to launch. Key business development and marketing leaders and Principals should all have new business cards. But you could wait to replace all staff business cards until the old ones are nearly used up.
The introduction should be a big deal. It’s a great opportunity to make an impression on past, present, and future clients. Having an Open House or Launch Party is a great way to build goodwill among your clients, teaming partners, and employees. There are also opportunities to get an article published about the new brand.
To help ensure ongoing integrity of your brand communications, we always recommend a Brand Style Guide. This can be a 2-page to 24-page document to encourage consistency across multiple offices, and even multiple languages. Think of this guide as a “cookbook” showing you how to cook up effective marketing communication using the required “ingredients,” your brand assets. It should be flexible enough to not hamper creativity. At minimum, the brand style guide must include information on logo usage, color, typography, nomenclature, trade dress (distinctive patterns or packaging), paper, imagery, and editorial tone. The Brand Style Guide can be distributed to employees as a PDF, or live as a series of pages,downloadable files on a company intranet.
While the results of all our branding projects are different, following the same process allows for continual improvement. From Discovery, Strategy, Identity Design, Touchpoint Design, to Brand Management, the best results come from clients that are curious, open-minded, and candid. Being informed is always helpful too, which is why we wrote this guide.
This post was originally published in the SMPS Marketer national magazine.
All living things go through a life cycle of birth, growth, maturity, decline and death. A/E/C firms endure similar life cycles, except that they can shortcut decline and death through reincarnation. If you prefer a more secular term, let’s call it rebranding. But first, some clarity about the term “rebranding.”
Your brand is not your logo. So, changing your logo is not rebranding. Changing the name of your firm is not rebranding. Your firm’s logo and name are key elements of your brand identity, but don’t define your entire brand. Rebranding is a new brand positioning that inspires a new name or logo. Brand positioning answers: what your firm does (services), who you do it for (target markets), and how your unique expertise benefits clients.
Firms struggle with knowing when to rebrand. Here are five scenarios that indicate it’s time to consider rebranding.
1) Significant Change in Strategic Direction
Healthy firms deepen their expertise and capabilities to adapt to a continually changing world. This can lead to a decision to enter new markets or offer new services. After 3″“5 years, your firm may evolve significantly. When your firm is known for what it used to be, not what it aims to be, then it is time to rebrand.
Island Architects made a strategic decision to expand their positioning beyond traditional residential to include contemporary.
A brand should be a beacon for where your firm is headed. But often, the perception of your firm doesn’t match your firm’s vision. How do you know? A brand perception study can help measure your reputation.
Hightail, formerly YouSendIt, recently rebranded because of a significant change in strategic direction. YouSendIt was known for sending and receiving files too large to email. But today, the company offers considerably more. Their name and perception were holding them back. “We have already far outgrown our original use case of only sending large files, and our name should reflect where we are as a company today as well as where we want to go in the future.” says Hightail CEO Brad Garlinghouse.
NOTE: Scenario #1 is a stand-alone reason to rebrand. Reasons #2″“5 warrant rebranding only if combined with #1, or each other.
2) Change of Ownership
Mergers & acquisitions, spinoffs and break-ups are not exclusive to the Fortune 500. They occur within the AEC industry as well.
HOK was established in 1955. In 1983, the firm created the sister brand HOK Sport Venue Event (aka HOK Sport). The brand established itself as the leader in designing sports stadiums. In 2009 through a management buyout, principals of HOK Sport split from parent company HOK. The new independently owned and operated brand is named Populous.
Not only does the name Populous communicate a separation from HOK, it also serves the firm strategically. Working with Milkshake Media, Populous developed a tagline “drawing people together” to communicate capabilities beyond stadia into arenas, convention centers and fairgrounds. “As the world becomes more populous, and ever-advancing technology separates us into audiences of one, our expertise becomes more relevant,” says Joe Spear, senior principal. “Our singular focus is to design containers of emotion for the collective energy of lots of passionate people.”
3) The Brand Identity is Rotten
Unlike greek yogurt containers, A/E/C firm logos do not come with an expiration date. This is unfortunate because many A/E/C firm brand identities have lost their freshness and fester in the back of the marketplace refrigerator unnoticed by owners. However, potential clients and employees do notice. Fair or not, they make judgements about the firm based on subtle visual cues. Reread Malcom Gladwells classic, Blink, if you need a refresher.
Graphic design, like all forms of design and fashion, cycles through trends. Colors, patterns, and typography (fonts) can become dated. A/E/C firms constantly claim being current with technology. This claim falls flat when handing out business cards with a tired logo straight out of 1972!
4) Coming of Age
There are watershed moments in a firm’s life cycle that mark the transition from start-up into maturity. This is the equivalent of a sweet 16 party or heading off to college; marking the transition from adolescence into adulthood.
For A/E/C firms, this transition may be a game-changing project win, a strategic leadership hire or moving into a new office. The result is that the firm has left the minor leagues in favor of the majors. A rebrand may be necessary to mark this evolution.
Birthdays that end in zero often cause us to reflect upon where we’ve been, and where we are headed. Sometimes this results in a mid-life crisis. The same is true for A/E/C firm anniversaries; a great time to pause and evaluate. A SWOT analysis can be a valuable tool for moving forward. It’s best to engage an outside consultant to help with this process because you can’t read the label if you are inside the jar.
A 10, 20, or 30-year anniversary itself is not a reason to rebrand. But, it may cause you to reflect, and realize catalysts one through three mentioned previously are also occurring. If so, then it’s time to rebrand.
Firms often add an anniversary logo to compliment their core logo. You’ve probably seen these “30 years of service / script typeface / laurel leaf embossed seals” used in email signatures, or as stickers on outgoing envelopes. To be clear, this is not rebranding, and it certainly isn’t unique. A better approach is a memorable event to celebrate the accomplishment with past, present and future clients and employees.
For Schmidt Design Group’s 20th Anniversary, LecoursDesign designed a gift book given to past, present, and future clients at their memorable anniversary event.
Rebranding can be scary, costly and time consuming. There needs to be a good reason to reincarnate your firm. If any of these scenarios hit home, get professional help now. Don’t wait until decline or death. A successful rebrand can breathe new life into your firm.
For more about LecoursDesign branding services, click here.
To purchase David’s archived SMPS rebranding webinar, click here.
Are you considering video as part of your marketing mix? With cameras and editing software being relatively inexpensive, it is tempting to Do-It-Yourself (DIY). But, owning a paint brush and paint does not make you a painter. I recommend leaving video production to professionals.
To get the most value from your relationship with a video professional, it’s essential that you understand the process of creating great video. So I interviewed a creative partner of ours, Chris Giles, who recently directed this video for the San Diego Green Building Council.
Begin the process by asking yourself the following questions:
- Why are you creating this video?
- How can we measure success?
- Who is the audience? What do they think of you now? What should they think or do after watching the video?
- Will the video be viewed online? on an HD screen in your office? projected in a theater?
- What is the budget?
- What is the availability of talent (people featured in the video)?
- What is the personality of your brand and what should the tone be of the video?
- How long should the video be?
Just like for movies seen in theaters, it all begins with a script. The script should include:
- dialogue direction for those interviewed on camera or those providing voice-over.
- what graphics (logos, illustrations, captions) will appear on-screen
- list of possible shooting locations and duration
Storyboarding brings the written script into visual form:
- a sketch of the planned shot in column one, run time & audio notes in column two
- get executive sign-off to help decision makers visualize the final product.
This phase is mostly about planning and scheduling the shots. Location scouting should be done with one of your designers who knows which building angles are most desirable. In addition to the visual scouting, audio scouting needs to be done. Is it a noisy location? This can be good or bad depending on your intent.
Planning of your crew: a typical shoot requires 4 people: Director, Director of Photography, Lighting, and Sound. Having a stylist for hair, make-up and wardrobe is also helpful. Designate 1 person from your firm to give feedback to the Director.
Just like when creating still photographs, you’ll need owner’s permission to photograph buildings and individual permission to photograph people. Your Director of Photography should provide the necessary forms and releases.
This phase will combine shooting projects and people. You’ll probably include existing still photos combined with video shot on location.
When filming people, semi-scripted interviews are more interesting than having someone memorize a script. Semi-scripted means you tell the person ahead of time what type of questions you’ll ask, but not the exact question. The spontaneity feels more authentic, and interesting. Start with easy questions and ramp up as the person becomes more comfortable being on-camera.
Don’t only interview firm leaders. Interviewing all levels of staff, clients, and end-users is more interesting. For example, a student talking about how her new classroom inspires her to learn is incredibly compelling.
When filming people, find a place that is both quiet to capture great sounds, and visually interesting in the background.
If there is a script that needs to communicated verbatim, it’s best to read it off camera as straight audio. Consider hiring a voice-over actor through a service like voice123.com to give your video a professional sound. The voice-over can be combined with b-roll or a montage of still photos. B-roll is imagery like video, still photos, maps, graphs, or motion graphics.
This phase is where all the elements are assembled into the final product. The editor will prepare a rough cut to show you the general direction. If you’ve signed off on story boards, then there shouldn’t be any big surprises.
Music, when played softly “underneath” an interview, or narration adds emotion. You’ll need to license, or attain rights to any music used in your video.
If you are supplying the editor with existing logos or still photos or motion graphics, you’ll want to make sure they are high resolution. This means 1920px x 1080px or greater for High Definition. To maintain brand consistency, give your editor your brand style guide so they get the colors, patterns and logo usage correct.
The last phase is output which should have been decided in the beginning. You’ll want a digital master of the video that you should archive. You may also want the video to be uploaded to YouTube, Vimeo or your website.
With an investment of $5k”“$35k+ for professional quality video, you’ll need to justify this expense. By understanding the process described in this post, you’ll get the most return on your investment.
I’m delivering a national webinar on Jan. 21 for Society for Marketing Professional Services (SMPS) about rebranding A/E/C firms. Below is my pre-webinar interview with SMPS on this topic.
How does a company or organization know when it’s time for rebranding?
The time to rebrand is when your firm is known for what it used to be, not what it aims to be. Island Architects used to be known for designing traditional homes. In 2008, we designed a brand identity update to reflect their aim to also be known for contemporary architecture. A brand audit and/or perception study can help a firm decide if/when to rebrand.
How would you define a “˜tired’ brand?
A tired brand doesn’t reinvest in itself. A tired brand looks, feels, and sounds dated. A tired brand isn’t aligned with the strategic direction of the firm.
What companies and organizations have you helped when it comes to rebranding?
Our firm, LecoursDesign has a narrow focus of brand consulting for the Architecture/Engineering industry. A few branding clients have included Tucker Sadler Architects, International Parking Design, Vasquez Marshall Architects, MA Engineers, Schmidt Design Group, Kirkpatrick Architects,BSE Engineering, Island Architects, SMPS San Diego and USGBC San Diego. Some of these are viewable here.
Can you describe a successful rebranding project you were part of?
I sat next to Glen Schmidt, Principal of Schmidt Design Group at the firstSMPS luncheon I attended. He mentioned an impending 20th anniversary and rebrand for the firm. After being hired, I first helped refine a new brand positioning of “balancing artistic expression in design with environmental sensitivity.”
After presenting new logo design explorations, Glen asked me to duplicate my presentation to the entire firm. This was a smart move because rebranding requires change, which employees and stakeholders often resist. By sharing the thinking behind the new logo explorations, the entire firm felt part of the process. Employees shared their opinions, but the Principals made the final decision on which logo to refine. The new logo led to a new color and typography palette as part of a brand style guide.
I suggested a 6″ square gift book for attendees at their 20th anniversary party, and to have a marketing life beyond the party. I designed a 48-page book titled 20 Years of Service, 20 Lessons Learned. The lessons fell into one of three themes: life, work, and design. A Schmidt Design Group client told Glen that she keeps the book on her desk. If she’s having a bad day, she looks through it for inspiration. This is when I knew the project was successful.
What do you like most about working on branding projects?
I tell clients “Don’t try to be different. Simply acknowledge that you already are (different).” It’s gratifying to help firms clarify who they are and what makes them most relevant to prospective clients. Marrying this strategy with creative expression becomes real when a client is incredibly proud to hand out their new business card.
How involved is the client during a branding project?
Clients involvement in brand research and planning is essential because they know their business best. A good branding consultant asks the right questions, gains consensus on the problem to solve, and guides the client in decision making. After research and planning, the best clients trust their branding consultant to present great creative solutions.
How is rebranding different with A/E/C firms than with other professional services or product-based companies? And, will you provide insight into this during your webinar?
Rebranding A/E/C firms and other professional services firms is similar if the firms are business-to-business (B2B). Product-based companies are often business-to-consumer (B2C) and the process is different. We’ll discuss this in the webinar.
What would be the biggest takeaway for people attending your webinar?
Attendees will learn WHY to rebrand, WHAT a rebrand project really involves, and HOW to manage a successful rebrand.
Rebranding Your Firm: Why, What and How Webinar
January 21, 2014 at 2:00 PM EST, 1:00 PM CST, 12:00 PM MST, 11:00 AM PST
Your firm should continually grow its expertise and capabilities. In the last 5″“10 years, you probably added new markets and new services. You may have an entirely new strategic direction. Is the public perception of your firm keeping up, or is it stuck in the past? It could be time for a rebrand.
Rebranding is not a panacea. But done well, it can energize a tired brand. All A/E/C firm brands go through a life cycle. So it’s nearly guaranteed that, at some point in your career as a firm owner or marketer, your firm will go through a rebrand. From gaining Board of Directors’ approval, to budgeting, managing the process, managing expectations, and rolling it out, this is a delicate process. Just ask Yahoo, The Gap, and UPS.
This webinar will help you navigate the process of why (or why not), what, and how to complete a successful A/E/C firm rebranding.
During this Webinar, you will learn to:
- Assess why and when a firm should consider rebranding
- Clarify the confusion among rebranding, refreshing, and simply designing an anniversary logo
- Navigate the process and allocate the resources (time and budget) required for a successful rebrand
- Evaluate the pros and cons of hiring an outside consultant
- Gain a realistic expectation of the ROI of a rebrand
Have you noticed that several companies have recently updated their logos? Starbucks, GAP, Pepsi, and Comedy Central all come to mind. Should your firm update its logo? Here are four good reasons to freshen up.
1. Your Firm Has Come of Age
Congratulations! While many new businesses don’t last more than two years, yours is healthy, growing and moving from childhood into adolescence. In start-up mode, you probably didn’t invest the time, energy, and dollars to create a logo and brand identity system that represents the level of professionalism you now want to convey. As the saying goes, “what got you here, won’t get you there.” It’s time to shed the toddler haircut and baby clothes for a more grown-up look.
Perhaps your firm has reached a significant milestone. A fresh new logo can be a great way to symbolize this accomplishment. As Schmidt Design Group approached their 20 year anniversary, we worked with them to design a new logo and book that were unveiled at their 20th Anniversary Party.
2. Your Logo is Rotten (beyond its expiration date)
Everything has a life cycle. Businesses and logos go through distinct phases of conception, growth, maturity and decline. Like the myth of Narcissus, we can get overly attached to our own (brand) image. This can blind us into denial about the fact that our logo has gone into decline. Just as fashion and hairstyles become dated, your logo’s color, typography (font), and symbol may be communicating that your firm is past its prime. Even classics, like the Shell logo below, get a facelift every ten or so years.
3. A New Strategic Plan
A healthy firm grows and evolves to respond to new demands and opportunities in the marketplace. This could mean that your firm has added new services to your quiver. Or, you may be serving new markets. If the evolution of your firm is significant, you’ll want to shift the perception of prospective clients to catch up with the new you. A new logo can symbolize this shift. The first time we worked with Island Architects in 1999, it was to update their start-up logo into a more professional mark (reason #1 above). Then, in 2008, the firm made a strategic decision to communicate that they design modern homes in addition to their heritage of classical homes. A logo should be a beacon communicating where you are headed, not where you’ve been.
4. Merger, Acquisition or Ownership Change
A change in firm ownership can often inspire a new firm name and thus a new logo. Even if the firm name persists for continuity, new leadership may want a new visual symbol to represent their new era. When we began work with Tucker Sadler Noble Castro Architects, they had new owners, new Principals and a new office. Instead of continuing to add the names of Principals to the firm name, they shortened it to Tucker Sadler to reflect their founders, their web site address, and how they were referred to colloquially. We designed a new logo and brand identity system to propel the firm into a new chapter of their evolution.
Your logo is not your brand, but it is the most visible touchpoint of your brand. So, how do you know when it’s time to update your logo? The previous four scenarios are all good reasons. Or, consider hiring LecoursDesign to perform a Brand Audit. This wise investment will help you determine the strength of your logo and all your brand touchpoints.